nail:- send and receive Internet mail
namei:- uses its arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file (symlinks, files, directories, and so forth).
nameif:- name network interfaces based on MAC addresses, This program is obsolete. For replacement check ip link.
nano:- is a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor included in the non-free Pine package.
ndptool:- is a tool which provides wrapper over Neighbor Discovery Protocol messages.
needs-restarting:- is a program that reports a list of process ids that started running before they or some component that they use were updated.
neqn:- format equations for ascii output
net:- Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.
netreport:- request notification of network interface changes
netstat:- Print network connections, routing tables, interface statistics, masquerade connections, and multicast memberships (Ex:- netstat)
newaliases:- Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
newaliases.postfix:- Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
newgrp:- command is used to change the current group ID during a login session.
new-kernel-pkg:- is a tool used in packaging to automate the installation of a new kernel, including the creation of an initial ram filesystem image, updating of bootloader configuration, and other associated tasks.
newusers:- update and create new users in batch
nfs4_editfacl:- nfs4_setfacl, nfs4_editfacl - manipulate NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
nfs4_getfacl:- nfs4_setfacl, nfs4_editfacl - manipulate NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
nfs4_setfacl:- nfs4_setfacl, nfs4_editfacl - manipulate NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
nfsdcltrack:- nfsdcltack is the NFSv4 client tracking callout program. It is not necessary to install this daemon on machines that are not acting as NFSv4 servers.
nfsidmap:- The file /usr/sbin/nfsidmap is used by the NFS idmapper to translate user and group ids into names, and to translate user and group names into ids.
nfsiostat:- Report input/output statistics for network filesystems (NFS).
nfsometer:- NFS performance measurement tool
nfsstat:- list NFS statistics (Ex:- nfsstat)
nfstest_cache:- NFS client side caching tests
nfstest_delegation:- Delegation tests
nfstest_dio:- Direct I/O tests
nfstest_pnfs:- Basic pNFS functional tests
nfstest_posix:- Verify POSIX file system level access over the specified path using positive and negative testing.
ngettext:- translate message and choose plural form
nice:- run a program with modified scheduling priority
nisdomainname:- hostname - show or set the system's host name
domainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
ypdomainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
nisdomainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
dnsdomainname - show the system's DNS domain name
nl:- number lines of files.
nl-classid-lookup:- Lookup classid definitions
nl-pktloc-lookup:- searches the packet location database for a matching entry. It is used to resolve packet location aliases to their definition, i.e. alignment, layer, offset, and mask.
nl-qdisc-add:- The nl-qdisc tools allow to manage and configure queueing disciplines (qdiscs) in the kernel.
nl-qdisc-delete:- The nl-qdisc tools allow to manage and configure queueing disciplines (qdiscs) in the kernel.
nl-qdisc-list:- The nl-qdisc tools allow to manage and configure queueing disciplines (qdiscs) in the kernel.
nm:- list symbols from object files
nmcli:- command‐line tool for controlling NetworkManager
nm-online:- ask NetworkManager whether the network is connected
nmtui:- Text User Interface for controlling NetworkManager
nmtui-connect:- Text User Interface for controlling NetworkManager
nmtui-edit:- is a curses‐based TUI application for interacting with NetworkManager.
nmtui-hostname:- is a curses‐based TUI application for interacting with NetworkManager.
nohup:- run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
nologin:- politely refuse a login
nosetests:- nose collects tests automatically from python source files, directories and packages found in its working directory (which defaults to the current working directory).
nproc:- print the number of processing units available (Ex:- nproc)
nroff:- emulate nroff command with groff
nscd:- name service cache daemon
nsenter:- run program with namespaces of other processes
nslcd:- local LDAP name service daemon
nslookup:- query Internet name servers interactively
nstat:- nstat, rtacct - network statistics tools. (Ex:- nstat)
nsupdate:- is used to submit Dynamic DNS Update requests as defined in RFC 2136 to a name server.
ntpdate:- sets the local date and time by polling the Network Time Protocol (NTP) server(s) given as the server arguments to determine the correct time.
ntsysv:- is a simple interface for configuring runlevel services which are also configurable through chkconfig.
numfmt:- Convert numbers from/to human-readable strings